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Home Texas Burleson County Caldwell Fort Tenoxtitlan

Fort Tenoxtitlan

  Texas Historical Markers
Caldwell, TX, USA

Latitude & Longitude: 30° 34' 57.145908", -96° 38' 3.563376"
    Texas State
Historical Marker
    Founded by Mexico as a bulwark against Anglo-American immigration, this fort and its nearby city were twice proposed for the capital of Texas. Alarmed by the influx of Anglo settlers into Texas, Mexico in 1830 sought to erect a line of forts to keep out the intruders. The ancient Aztec name for Mexico City (originally pronounced Tex-ox-teet-lan) was given this site; it means prickly pear place. So hopeful of the fort's success was the military commandant of the region that he envisioned it as the capital of Texas. But Anglo immigration did not cease. Instead it thrived on the friendship of the local soldiers and incoming pioneers. The colonizer Sterling C. Robertson introduced scores of settlers. In 1832 the soldiers were withdrawn and the fort finally defaulted to the Anglos. Subsequently it was a supply center and mustering point for expeditions against the Indians. During its brief life many Texas patriots lived here, including 5 signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence, a martyr of siege, and 7 soldiers of the Battle of San Jacinto. Tenoxtitlan was again suggested for the capital of Texas during the , but Austin won out. In 1841, after many Indian raids, the site was abandoned.

This page last updated: 7/15/2008

Fort Tenoxtitlan Historical Marker Location Map, Caldwell, Texas