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Hampton City Historical Markers

Map of Virginia State Historical Marker Locations in the City of Hampton

Hampton City Historical Markers

Hampton Churches
First Church at Kecoughtan
Near here on the church creek stood the first church at Kecoughtan (later Hampton). Built on the Parish Glebe Farm about 1616, as the first church of ... [click for more]

Little England Chapel
Little England Chapel, originally known as the Ocean Cottage Sunday School, was built about 1879 on property provided by Daniel F. Cock. Hampton Insti... [click for more]

Second Church at Kecoughtan
Nearby a monument marks the site of the second church at Kecoughtan (later Hampton), built in 1624 for Elizabeth City Parish, established 1610 and now... [click for more]

Third Elizabeth City Parish Church
Here is the site of the New Church of Kecoughtan, built before 1667 on Pembroke Farm as the third church of Elizabeth City Parish, established in 1610... [click for more]

Hampton Schools
Deaf and Blind School
In 1906, the Virginia General Assembly authorized the Virginia School for Colored Deaf and Blind Children. Founded by deaf humanitarian William C. Ri... [click for more]

Hampton General Interest
Aberdeen Gardens
Built by Negroes, for Negroes, Aberdeen Gardens began in 1934 as the model resettlement community for Negro families. It was the only such community i... [click for more]

Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake
During the War of 1812, a British naval squadron arrived in Hampton Roads on 4 Feb. 1813 to establish a naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay. Later co... [click for more]

Battle of Big Bethel
On 10 June 1861, the first land battle of the Civil War in present-day Virginia took place here at Big Bethel Church. Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, co... [click for more]

British Approach to Hampton
Following the British defeat at Craney Island on 22 June 1813, Adm. Sir John B. Warren sought revenge and ordered Adm. Sir George Cockburn and Gen. Si... [click for more]

In 1620, Frenchmen sent over to plant mulberry trees and grape vines settled here. The name was taken from a place in England.... [click for more]

Bunch of Grapes Tavern
The Bunch of Grapes Tavern stood here during Hampton's heyday as a busy colonial seaport in the 1700s. The tavern, one of three then, served as ... [click for more]

Camp Hamilton
In this vicinity was situated Camp Hamilton, a large camp of Union troops first occupied in May, 1861. A great military hospital, Hampton Hospital, wa... [click for more]

Chesterville Plantation
One mile north is Chesterville, birthplace of George Wythe (1726-1806), a prominent Virginia attorney, judge, legislator, and signer of the Declaratio... [click for more]

Confinement of Jefferson Davis
In this casemate Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, was confined, May 22-October 2, 1865. As his health suffered in the casemate, h... [click for more]

Emancipation Oak
This historic tree, located here on the campus of Hampton University, is a large sprawling oak. Emancipation Oak (quercus virginiana) was the site of... [click for more]

First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived in August 1619 when a Dutch man-of-war landed here at Point Comfort. The Dutch captured the twenty a... [click for more]

First Battle of Ironclads
In Hampton Roads, southward and a mile or two offshore, the Virginia (Merrimac) and the Monitor fought their engagement, March 9, 1862. The day before... [click for more]

Fort Algernourne
Near here Captain John Ratcliffe built Fort Algernourne, 1609. In 1614, it was a stockade containing fifty people and seven cannon. In 1632, the fort ... [click for more]

Fort Monroe
The fort was begun in 1819 and named for President James Monroe. It remained in possession of the Union forces, 1861-65, and from it as a base McClell... [click for more]

Freedom’s Fortress
Fort Monroe was the site of Major General Benjamin F. Butler's decision in 1861 to accept escaping slaves as contrabands of war. Thousands of former s... [click for more]

Historic Hampton
The Native American village of Kecoughtan stood across the Hampton River in 1607. Soon after the English forcibly removed the inhabitants in 1610, the... [click for more]

John Baptist Pierce--(1875-1942)
A Cooperative Extension Service pioneer, innovator, and educator, John Baptist Pierce was appointed in 1906 by Seaman Knapp and H. B. Frissell of Hamp... [click for more]

Langley Field: Creating An Air Force
In Dec. 1916, the U.S. Army purchased land four miles north of here to build an airfield to use jointly with the National Advisory Committee for Aeron... [click for more]

Langley Field: Discovering Aerospace
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), created in 1915 to revitalize American aviation, was a pivotal force behind opening Langley Fi... [click for more]

Little England
In 1634 Capps Point, later known as Little England, was patented by William Capps, a prominent planter who maintained a lucrative saltworks. He served... [click for more]

Mary Smith Kelsey Peake
Born a free person in Norfolk in 1823, Mary Peake devoted her life to the education and betterment of African Americans. About 1850, she founded the D... [click for more]

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was established by Congress in 1915 to 'upervise and direct the scientific study of the pr... [click for more]

Old Point Comfort Light
The lighthouse, built in 1802, is the oldest standing structure at Fort Monroe. It remains an active navigational aid, the property of the U.S. Coast ... [click for more]

Settled as Mill Creek and Strawberry Banks by English Colonists, the Town of Phoebus was Roseland Farm until 1871 when it was divided into lots and be... [click for more]

Settled as Mill Creek and Strawberry Banks by English Colonists, the Town of Phoebus was Roseland Farm until 1871 when it was divided into lots and be... [click for more]

Sack of Hampton
As British Gen. Sidney Beckwith dispersed the local militia on 25 June 1813, Adm. Sir George Cockburn feigned an attack with barges at the mouth of th... [click for more]

The Hampton Indian Program
Hampton Institute began the Hampton Indian Program to “christianize and civilize” American Indians. The first students arrived at the Inst... [click for more]

The Zero Mile Post
This zero mile post is a replica of the original post that stood here at the end of the track on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, from which point all... [click for more]

War of 1812 Military Legacy
After damaging British coastal attacks during the War of 1812, Pres. James Madison recognized the need to improve the nation's coastal defense an... [click for more]

William Claiborne
Nearby, William Claiborne (1600-1677) built a warehouse about 1631 to support his trading post on Kent Island in Chesapeake Bay. When Maryland seized ... [click for more]

Wythe’s Birthplace
Eight miles north George Wythe, Revolutionary leader and Signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born, 1726.... [click for more]